The El Manzala region lies in the Dakhalia governorate and has been named after Lake Manzala. The Manzala town has bumpy and narrow streets and no. Introduction. Manzala Lake (Fig. 1) is the largest coastal lake in. Egypt which is a shallow brackish lake extending between the Damietta Nile River branch and. PDF | Lake Manzala is the biggest coastal lake in Egypt and the target of many different studies dated back probably to By screening the.

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ByLake Manzala had lost approximately 80 percent of its former area through the effects of drainage efforts. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp: Selenium and Alzheimer’s disease: It is getting in the air by means of coal and oil combustion as selenium dioxide. The RPI of the studied lake bottom sediments is listed in Table 4.

Heavy metals in lake sediments: The project was manzapa The city of Port Said which is on Lake Manzala was established in the 19th century to help in the construction of the Suez Canal and also as a travel point.

Consumption and exposure of arsenic has been affecting human health with carcinoma disease and other related sickness ,anzala Since then the city has been rebuilt and now serves as a summer resort for Egyptians.

Canada and the Suez Crisis. According to the agency for toxic substances and manzaala registry, a high level is 60 parts of arsenic per billion. Food and breathing through the skin considered as the main way for humans absorption tin. The lake’s location directly south of the Port Said Airport restricts the city’s capacity for growth. Study of natural radioactivity, environmental isotopes and hydrochemistry of some northern lakes in Egypt. Assessment of heavy metal enrichment factors and the degree of contamination in marine sediments from Tamaki Estuary, Auckland, New Zealand.


It link with Suez Canal through a navigation aqueduct known as El-kabooty Canal The extensive uses of selenium which consider as good photovoltaic and photoconductive properties, in lakke, glass industry and use for animal feeds and food supplements. The following is a summarized study on the environmental status of studied metals that may cause some risk or endanger on human health and environmental effects beside the geochemical distribution maps of lakr metals.

Tin was seen least at middle portion of the lake and was seen highest in the three sites near Damietta industrial region, near El-Serw drain and near of industrial area at Port Said Governorate Fig.

Generally, the lake turned into a sewage reservoir due to the dumping of sewage where, especially in the regions of Hadous and Bahr El-Baqar. Manzala Lake is existed in the North Eastern border of the Nile delta. Statistically, pollution indicators were reflects high level of pollutants in the vicinity of the industrial activity around Port Said and Damietta governorates while agricultural pollution focused at El-Serw and Bahr El-Baqar drains. Manzala town has bumpy and narrow streets with no buildings to boast of.

How to cite this article: It will drained to the lake water through irrigation from hazardous waste-drains and from surrounding cultivated land. A few studies were carried related to arsenic, selenium, tin and antimony elements, so, the main objective of this study is assessment of environmental and health effects for that toxic elements through the Egyptian standards and the world-wide organizations.

Abstract Background and Objective: For arsenic, moderate to considerable contaminations factor at 10 stations 3, 4, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 22 and station number 25, while high contamination factor was recorded at other stations of the lake. Port Said was established adjacent to Lake Manzala during the nineteenth century to support canal construction and related travel. This ancient city is also mentioned in the Holy Bible and many Jews settled here in the sixth century B.

The lowest value is recorded at middle and Western area of the lake, the median values are recorded near El-Serw agricultural drain, while industrial area in Port Said Governorate and Eastern area of the lake represent the highest values where Bahr El-Baqar and Hadous drain the highest content extended toward the West of inlet Fig.


For determination trace metal, the sediment was digested using an acid method Lake Manzala is long but quite shallow. Antimony makes up about 0.

Lake Manzala – Wikipedia

mazala The unsupervised anthropogenic activities are the main causes of pollution in the lake sediments. Nine major drains and channels drained Agricultural wastewater to Manzala Lake. The volcano erupted 3, years ago.

In the present study, selenium ranges from ppm, averaging 4 ppm. Its bed is largely made up of soft clay.

Manzala Travel Guide

An assessment of metals Pb and Cu contamination in bottom sediment from south china sea coastal waters, Malaysia. Special reference to medical importance of Mollusca in Egypt.

This island is in Lake Manzala and lies 9km southwest of Port Said city. The highest values for arsenic selenium and tin are extended toward the industrial area in Port Said Governorate.

Lake Manzala

The MPL of Se in the worldwide soils is 50 ppb. The industrial pollution influenced among by two sources, firstly multiple industrial activities in Port Said region East side of the lake in several areas, most notably the field of textile manufacturing and garment manufacturing as well as chemical manufacturing and the laoe of leather and leather products.

The environmental health and the functioning of ecosystems are widely recognized at the Manzala Lake discussed for the first time by Orabi and Osman The index of an individual pollutant is calculated as follows:. Journal of Lakke Sciences Volume 17 2:

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