Description of Juniperus thurifera (Spanish juniper). Woodlands of Juniperus thurifera have been subjected to a traditional management (e.g. logging, grazing and destruction for crop cultivation). The Spanish juniper can be up to 20 m tall, although it does not normally exceed 8 m. Its bark is ash grey and it has a pyramidal form. The branches are.

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Bark thin, dark brown, with age weathering gray-brown, becoming scaly, and exfoliating in strips. The climate is continental, semiarid, with cold winters Atlas Mts.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Juniperus thurifera. A sapling, Spain [R. Specimens tend to have male and female Alnus glutinosa has a fruit very reminiscent of a conifer cone, but much smaller 2 cm.

In Spain Guadalajara it occurs with J.

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Views Read Edit View history. Farjon reduces the two described varieties, gallica in France and africana in North Africato synonymy on the grounds that junniperus described characters overlap with specimens of the type variety described by the respective authors. Juvenile leaves on seedlings and reappearing on mature plants, in whorls of 4 on lower stem, on branchlets decussate, acicular, mm long with a green adaxial midrib, acute-pungent Farjon In Europe, the species is generally stable, but is vulnerable to habitat loss as woodlands change to forest after abandonment of traditional land use systems.


Seeds 1- per cone, irregular junipersu size and shape in a single cone, thurifer Back Site map Contact us. This species lives in Spain, France, Corsica and northern Africa.

Jarvis at BM but was unsuccessful. Dioecious evergreen shrubs, or trees up to 20 m tall.

Juniperus thurifera

There are two varietiesregarded as distinct by some authors, [3] [5] but not by others: When the small winged seeds are released, the cones remain on the tree, often throughout the winter. International Union for Conservation of Nature.

It is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Les Dossiers Forestieres No.

Juniperus africana Maire Villar Juniperus bonatiana Vis. Trunks single or multiple, often branching near the ground, up to cm dbh. The Spanish juniper can be up to 20 m tall, although it does not normally exceed 8 m. Its bark is ash grey and it has a pyramidal form.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Like most junipers, the seeds are dispersed by animals, including birds and livestock; both are highly effective vectors in semiarid lands. It grows at altitudes of m.

They are usually covered in a whitish, dusty-looking layer bloom. The branches are somewhat flattened and rough to the touch, unlike the Phoenicean Juniper Juniperus phoenicea L. Monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. However, newly emerged young leaves are similar to those of other junipers, and are shaped like small Pinussome junipers genus Juniperusfirs genus Abiesand other conifers, or like the leaves thurfera heather genus Erica.


Retrieved 8 November Structural branches dense, spreading or ascending. Seed cones terminal, growing in two seasons, consisting of pairs of spreading but incurved bracts fusing to form a subglobose cone mm diam.

It forms woodlands that cannot strictly be called forests, as they are very open to favour root development. It large shrub or tree reaching 6—20 m tall, with a trunk up to 2 m diameter and a broadly conical to rounded or irregular crown.

Foliage branches spreading or drooping, branchlets See Montes and Bertaudiere for details, a map, and photos showing habitat. It is indifferent to soil type, but prefers limestones and adapts well to poor and stony substrates.

Crown pyramidal in youth, later becoming broad, rounded, often irregular. A neotype not in conflict with anything stated in the protologue has therefore been selected” Farjon

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