John Gerard: John Gerard, English herbalist, author of The Herball, or generall historie of plantes (). In Gerard went to London to become an. The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (). John Gerarde. Publisher: John Norton Year: Town: London. Complete PDF-Version of this book. Trained as a Barber-surgeon, John Gerard () divided his time working as superintendent of the gardens of William Cecil, Lord Burghley ().

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The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (1597)

Gerard also changed how the plants were arranged, ordering them according to the Stirpium Adversaria Nova of Mathias Lobel de l’Obel, Latinized as Lobeliuswhose classification was based on the characteristic differences of leaf structure.

According to Anna PavordGerard was a doer, not a thinker and a plantsman, not a scholar. Several leaves feature marginalia of various hands. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online ed. Gentian was named in honor of King Gentius of Illyria B.

Additional value has been placed on the Herball by students of literature. This became popular, and he received gifts of seeds and plants from around the world. The Correspondence of John Ray: Rembert DodoensFlemish physician and botanist whose Stirpium historiae pemptades sex sive libri XXX is considered one of the geratd botanical works of the late 16th….

You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Garth, who described Gerard as “a worshipful gentleman and one that greatly delighteth in strange plants” had South American contacts from where he would import rarities.


The woodcut is from Clusius’ Rariorum plantarum historiaa description of rare and exotic plants, including the potato, which Sir Francis Drake had brought from the New World to England in and planted yerball.

Nothing is known of his parentage, [1] [2] but the coat of arms on his Herball implies he was a member of the Gerards of Ince. Ancient and medieval physicians recommended Gentian primarily as an antidote to poison.

Although Gerard took almost complete credit for the work, it may actually have been based on a translation of Stirpium historiae pemptades sexby the Flemish botanist Rembertus Dodoens. Many people believed that the mandrake root screamed as it was pulled from the ground.

John Gerard | English herbalist and author |

Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Little is known about his upbringing and education but it is known that he attended school in Willaston, close to Nantwich. Contact with the Native Americans and their strange, uniquely American plants prompted an expansion of European herbals.

Of the more than 1, woodcuts illustrating the book, only 16 were done by Gerard. The standard author abbreviation J. He was the author of a 1,pages illustrated Herball, or Generall Historie of Plantesfirst published in While doing so, his gardeners supposedly tasted one of the large, underground tubers and thus discovered, very much by accident, the culinary value of the plant.


Gerard may be considered one of the founders of botany in the English language, but he was not well educated, was more interested as a herbalist and barber-surgeon in the medicinal properties of the plants than botanical theory [9] and was not notable as a botanist in terms of technical knowledge in his own time according to his critics.

Thompson, Roger July He was apprenticed to William Bell, a London apothecary, inand joined the Freedom of the Society of Apothecaries in Views Read Edit View history. To this day Yucca bears the name Gerard gave it. NantwichCheshire, England. John Gerard also John Gerardec.

The tradition was much improved by this new wave of herbalists who used illustrations drawn from actual plants, rather than stock images privileging mythological or emblematic considerations, which were useless for identification purposes.

John Gerard – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre

Mason had a large surgical practice and had twice held the rank of Warden in the company, and later became Master. Its charm is a recall of the Elizabethan countryside and the medical properties “vertues” of the plants, themselves. His picture of the potato was the first that most English people had ever seen. Legend and superstition johnn the mandrake. Here Gerard discusses the tulip, “a strange and forrein floure.

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