Difference between Epigeal and Hypogeal Seed Germination. The term germination designates the overall processes beginning with the imbibition of water by. The main difference between epigeal and hypogeal germination is that in epigeal germination, the cotyledons emerge out of the soil during. Hope you already know that what is cotyledon and how seeds germinate. Epigeal; In this type of germination, the seed /cotyledons emerge out of the soil or .

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The ecology of tropical forest tree seedlingspp. The radicle quickly forms new roots and establishes the seeding as a new plant Fig.

In seeds with epigeal germination, the cotyledons are brought above the soil due to elongation of the hypocotyl. This spongy cotyledon increases in size as it absorbs food material stored in the endosperm.

Inbotanist James A. Epigeal germination implies that the cotyledons are pushed above ground. After sometimes, the coleorhiza gets ruptured due to growth of radicle. Epigeap occurs in mammals among animals and mangrove plants.

After sometime coleoptile comes out. The plumule is not visible so long as it is covered by the base of the cotyledon in the form of a sheath just above the radicle. The seedling becomes heavy. Plants that show hypogeal germination need relatively little in the way of external nutrients to grow, therefore they are more frequent on nutrient-poor soils.


Epigeal and Hypogeal Germination

In this case the radicle as well as the base of the scutellum cotyledon grow out of the seed. Among dicotyledons, gram, pea Fig. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. This page was last edited on 15 Octoberat This page was last edited epigdal 23 Julyat Plants that show hypogeal germination grow relatively slowly, especially in the first phase.

Difference between Epigeal and Hypogeal Seed Germination | Major Differences

Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August The main difference between epigeal and hypogeal germination is the relative position of the cotyledons to the soil. The coleorhiza pierces the base of caryopsis fruit and appears as a shining knob.

The radicle penetrate the soil, while the other end of the cotyledon remains within the endosperm and sucks the food material.

The straight radicle comes out of the seed and fixes the seed to the soil with the secondary roots developing from the radicle. In such seeds the epicotyl i. An example of a plant with epigeal germination is the common bean Phaseolus vulgaris. The evolutionary strategy is that the plant produces a relatively low number of seeds, but each seed has a bigger chance of surviving.

Three seminal roots develop from above the radicle but variation in number. The embryo of the seed present inside the fruit continues growth while the latter is attached to the parent plant.


Plants that show epigeal germination need external nutrients rather quickly in order to develop, so they are more frequent on nutrient-rich soils. After this hypocotyl grows due to which two papery cotyledons enclosed by endosperm are pulled out of the soil. The cotyledons in epigeal germination turn green and undergo photosynthesis while the cotyledons in hypogeal germination geemination not undergo photosynthesis.

Epigeal and Hypogeal Germination | Edinburgh Garden School

Details of wheat grain germination Fig. Differences between Epigeal and Hypogeal Germination Plants. Wheat grain shows hypogeal germination.

Hypogeal germination implies that the cotyledons stay below the ground. Retrieved from ” https: The following three points will highlight the three main types of seed germination. The base of the cotyledon grows further, turns green and pushes the seed out of the soil.

Vivipary is the phenomenon of giving birth to young ones in advanced stage of development. Differences between Florigen and Other Hormones.

Hypogeal germination

The ecology of tropical forest tree seedlingspp. The plants also need relatively much sunlight for photosynthesis to take place. Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.

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