DISOMIAS UNIPARENTALES PDF

Request PDF on ResearchGate | Uniparental Paternal Disomia as a Cause of Angelman Syndrome in a Five-Year Girl | Angelman syndrome (AS) is a. Check out my latest presentation built on , where anyone can create & share professional presentations, websites and photo albums in minutes. La disomie uniparentale (uniparental disomy (UPD)) est la présence accidentelle d’une paire de chromosomes (ou de segments de chromosome) provenant.

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Thus, in these instances, these rarer cases showed maternal UPD 15, along with the lack of a paternal chromosome Retinis, Usher type II. In situ hybridization shows direct evidence of skewed X inactivation in one of monozygotic twin females manifesting Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

I first aim at showing the role of some so-called non homologous or homologous Robertsonian translocations or centric fusions of acrocentric chromosomes.

O’Brien and Arthur L. Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted.

Uniparental disomy of the entire X chromosome in a female with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

On this next slide, we show somewhat arbitrarily the chromosome numbers, maternal or paternal, which have contributed a monoparental pair in the make up of one purely and uniformly diploid genome, assuming that the available information allowed an exclusion of the mosaic compounded by an aneuploid component.

I particulary like to stress the elegant contributions from Prs Lidia Larizza, Orsette Zuffardi and their colleagues on the role of parental chromosome 15 inversions in subsequent segmental deletions of that chromosome and their study of UBE3A mutations in AS.

UPDs, maternal or paternal, for chromosomes 6, 7, 11 and 15 have occured in a variable proportion of the listed syndromes, while both maternal and paternal UPD 14 each delineated a new syndrome. Edward Spence, Ronald G. Thus some 15 numbers are still currently without inclusion in a uniparental pair, if we disregard paternal 20 and paternal X, so far only noted in an aneuploid mosaic context.

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Low incidence or lack of study”. American Journal of Human Genetics. This slide shows a source to find more information from a book written witn my friend and Colleague Stylianos Emmanuel Antonarakis which was published in by Liss-Wiley in New York.

Although few imprinted genes have been identified, uniparental inheritance of an imprinted gene can result in the loss of gene function, which can lead to delayed development, mental retardation, or other medical problems.

Most occurrences of UPD result in no phenotypical anomalies. UPD can occur as a random event during the formation of egg or sperm cells or may happen in early fetal development.

I thus started in the field at this most exciting period wich I call the Golden Years. Only comments written in English can be processed. Within two of these years, andthe three major autosomal trisomies, G, E, and D, namely 21, 18 and uniparenhales turned up along with three of the four more common sex chromosome anomalies. Preferential X-chromosome activity in human female placental tissues. Tue Nov 6 Discordance of muscular dystrophy in monozygotic female twins: Mitotic segregation of the duplicated chromosomes, thereafter leads to mosaicism with one native and one reshuffled balanced cell line.

Uniparental disomy of the entire X chromosome in a female with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Of course, UPD refers to the accidental presence of a chromosome pair or a chomosome segment derived from only one parent in a diploid individual. The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. An adjacent segregation has resulted into a nullisomy 14 in a paternal gamete whose deletion has been apparently patched up by duplication of the maternal 14 into an isochromosome, after fertilization.

The manifestation of mild to severe symptoms in female carriers of dystrophin mutations is often the result of the preferential inactivation of the X chromosome carrying the normal dystrophin gene.

Late DNA replication in the paternally derived X chromosome of female kangaroos. Archived from the original on Additionally, isodisomy leads to large blocks of homozygosity, which may lead to the uncovering of recessive genes, a similar phenomenon seen in children of consanguineous partners.

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In other instances the segmental UPD is terminal and results from a single symmetrical break in each of two homologous non-sister chromatids, as seen here.

We report here the case of a karyotypically normal female affected with DMD as a result of homozygosity for a deletion of exon 50 of the dystrophin gene. My thanks go to Mr. I now turn to another major player in the field of UPD, brought into action by Rob Nicholls et al, the phenomenon of genomic imprinting.

Why was it so? In this diagram from our book, individual 3 has an allele from each parent, as normal and individuals 4 and 5 have only paternal alleles, two contrasted ones for individual 4i.

She, in turn, produces a balanced male offspring born after 5 spontaneous abortions.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. At this junction, in guise of more systematic approach, we can review, as shown here, the 47 possibilities of UPD for wholesale chromosomes, namely 22 paternal and 22 maternal pairs for the autosomes as well as 3 more pairs for the sex chromosomes, one maternal XX and two paternal ones, namely XX or XY. Other search option s Alphabetical list.

This is an ambitious title to deal with. Herlitz junctional epidermolysis bullosa. Uniparental disomy UPD occurs when a person receives two copies of a chromosomeor of part of a chromosome, from one parent and no copy from the other parent. Females are also affected, in rare instances. Lactic acidosis trifunctionnal protein deficiency. Here are briefly reviewed some modes of UPD formation for more commonly affected member chromosomes. Summary and idsomias texts.

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