Consociational democracy can be found in countries that are deeply divided into in particular by Arend Lijphart, and is used today as both an analytical and a. PDF | Abstract Consociational democracy as the goal and a tool in mitigating Consociational Democracy, Arend Lijphart, Grand Coalition, Mutual Veto, Pro-. The theory was extended as new consociational democracies were and less on the operationalizations provided by its most important theorist, Arend Lijphart.

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For example, he makes the case that in the Swiss example, “political parties cross-cut cleavages in the society and provide a picture of remarkable consensus rather than highly structured conflict of goals”.

He lijphatr that elites in the Netherlands were not motivated by preferences derived from the general interest, but rather by self-interest. Critics of consociationalism argue that its large concepts, such as government by coalition or segmental autonomy, do not allow for clear-cut modelization or even definition.

Consociationalism was discussed in academic terms by the political scientist Arend Lijphart. Case Studies of Protracted Ethnic Conflicts.

Consociationalism | government |

Slavery, condition in which one human being was owned by another. Please help improve the article with a good introductory style. Contact our editors with your feedback. Consociational democracy can be found in countries that are deeply divided into distinct religious, ethnic, racial, or regional segments—conditions usually considered unfavourable for stable democracy. Please try again later. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.


Supporters of consociationalism argue that it is a more realistic option in deeply dmocracy societies than integrationist approaches to conflict management.

In Noel, Sid JR. Wage setting, Social Pacts and the Euro: Ethnic Groups in Conflict.

Nationalist Partition and International Intervention. Where consociationalism has ended, it often did so not because of its failure but because of its success: Amsterdam University Press, Post- Taliban Afghanistan ‘s political system has also been described as consociational, [29] although it lacks ethnic quotas. The explanation is that elite groups could coordinate in order to avoid conflict if social cleavages were not to be cross-cutting.


At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Views Read Edit View history.

Finally, consociationalism also foresees a minority veto for the protection of vital minority interests. When consociationalism is organised along religious confessional lines, it is known as confessionalismas is the case in Lebanon. Department of State came out in favor of the majoritarian democracy model in Retrieved from ” https: The political systems of a number of countries operate or used to operate on a consociational basis, including BelgiumCyprus effective —[20] [21] [22] Lebanonthe Netherlands —SwitzerlandEthiopiaand South Africa.


If the social cleavages and pressures coincide, cpnsociational, the chances of creating stable democratic political systems are rather poor.

The very act of forming a multiethnic coalition generates intraethnic competition — flanking — if it does not already exist”. While the notion of consociationalism has been known since the 17th century, it was conceptualized in the s, in particular by Arend Lijphart, and is used today consociationzl both an analytical and a normative category.

Mutuality means that the connsociational is unlikely consoclational successfully block the majority. In a consociational state, all groups, including minorities, are represented on the political and economic stage.

Majoritarianismthe idea that the numerical majority of a population should have the final say in determining the outcome of a decision. Prospects for the emergence of ethnic conflicts in the post-Taliban era”.

Consociational policies often have these characteristics:

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