The best book available about British coracles and Irish curraghs, [but no Conwy or Dwyryd], also the Spey currach and Iraqi gufa. The primary source for all the. – Explore Mick Thompson’s board “Coracles & Currachs” on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Ireland, Irish and 18th century. British coracles and Irish curraghs: James Hornell, Geoffrey Callender: Amazon. com: Books. Robert Creeley by LVC alumni Arthur Lewis Ford www.

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In the field of maritime ethnology, the decisive event in the nineteen eighties was the highly spectacular change in scale affecting the current of interest, turning it into a genuine intellectual movement. A sail briitish often used on the currachs of the Dingle peninsula.

Currachs are easily driven by sail or oar and are inexpensive to make and maintain – characteristics that add to their appeal as environmentally sound leisure boats. The story of currachs begins with our prehistoric ancestors using implements such as bone needles and flint scrapers to manipulate animal skin.

Nowadays the framework is made of oak laths, the gunwale is also made of wood and a covering of tarred canvas is used. But the numerous projects – there were over of them, of which more than 80 were effectively built – are extremely varied and are ranging from a small craft of 12 ft. The Clare currach closely resembled that of the Aran Islands.

Currach – Wikipedia

And yet, this fragile vessel has been chosen not only by legendary mariners, but also countless generations of fishermen on the most treacherous seas of Europe. British Coracles and Irish Currachs Hornell, gives us an overall view of the currach situation prior to World War ll.

While the rural civilisation itself in France had its longstanding intellectuals, whose research was documented in a wide range of highly scientific works and displayed to advantage in numerous museums, the coastline was like a desert. It uses a gently curving bow and stern which makes it easy to use. His book is teeming with brilliant, sometimes dazzling intuition; vastly cultured in things maritime, he excels in revealing the multiple potential points of interest that the subject holds.

Kerry currachs had a reputation for elegance and speed. Some of them, like the Old Gaffers, in St.

Currachs produced here follow the same general construction process as many other Currach styles but in Boyne they implement the use of tarred canvas as the outer layer. The Nordic clinker tradition: This ucrrachs a tremendous challenge to those on the oars as the breeze can push the high-prowed boats quickly off course.


Douarnenez sardine lugger – to a pattern ofvery interesting because of her original rig and her nautical qualities, and whose last examples had disappeared for over half a century.

Planks, seats and thwarts were then fitted inside cui e solida tabula, statumina, transtraque interius addunturhorse hide was fixed to the exterior and oars with rowlocks were supplied. Two elements are essential for construction: Currach races vurrachs also brltish at the Milwaukee Irish Currache. It should be noted that the author, when presenting his thesis to a jury corxcles members included some of the greatest names in French ethnology, paid homage to the approach which Francois Beaudouin had initiated, and referred explicitly to the ideas and methods developed by Ar Vag.

However, on the Aran Islands they crafted a block on the floor of the bow which supported a mast carrying a small lug sail. For a translation of the work, see http: During this period the Nautical Research Society of London, well aware of the urgent bfitish to actsent a naval architect named P.

His exemplary work brought him a post-graduate doctorate degree in French ethnology with distinction ;this was the first maritime ethnology diploma awarded by a university on the French coast, in this case Brest; it was also the first thesis presented before a warmly appreciative audience of seafaring professionals.

Our country has known the same disdain from official circles for things maritime as the one evoked by John de Courcy in Ireland.

Lightweight frame and cloth structures are often used for rbitish for transit, from tents and yurts to early aircraft. Traditional basketmakers in Ireland continue to employ the unconventional technique of constructing large baskets such as creels upside down, sticking the uprights in the brigish in the desired shape.

The vessel of choice in all these imrama is a forgotten type of boat, at some stage in history the most important water craft in Northern Europe: British ethnologist James Hornellwho studied the currach, coracle, and quffa extensively during the early 20th century, believes that abd currach was developed independently of the coracle and quffa in a case of multiple invention.

The existence of a widely-circulated periodical magazine, richly illustrated, yet exacting, which welcomes true in-depth articles, has progressively facilitated the highly stimulating publication of works from a new generation of authors, established all along the coast, from French Flanders to the Mediterranean.

Currach Races

A similar technique was practised by basketmakers in Cornwall and Galicia. Coxless pair Coxed pair Coxless four Coxed four Eight.

Meitheal Mara in Cork has been building currachs with marginalised youths and adults, an integrative project that has proven hugely successful. Currach races remain popular. The currach has traditionally been both a sea boat and a vessel for inland waters. They ride high in the water and as they have no rudder must be steered by the oars.


While this may present an over-simplified picture, a common underlying design principle is certainly evident. De quibus cum audissent, quod de quadam Connactiae parte fuissent, et Hibernica lingua loquerentur, intra navem eos adduxerunt. It is also the method used to make the hazel basket-frame of the Boyne river currach. Men and women of Aran brave the Atlantic ocean for the annual inter-island currach races which took place in tricky conditions with a stiff breeze blowing.

Every instant the steersman whirled us round with a sudden stroke of his oar, the prow reared up and then fell into the next furrow with a crash, throwing up masses of spray. Without a doubt French maritime ethnology owes, and will always owe, a particular debt to him. To share their enthousiasm, these fanatics were then going to make every effort to organise traditional and classic boat gatherings.

On the whole, these countries had all undertaken an enormous attempt to study and enhance their maritime culture and heritage, yet on the contrary, France was conspicuous at the time by her odd and culpable indifference towards the subject. However, as early as the end of the 18th century and during the whole first half of the 19th, renowned artists, such as Pierre Ozanne, Ferdinand Perrot, Charles Mozin or Morel-Fatio had attracted attention to the small inshore working craft and their crews.

History of The Irish Currach | St. Joseph’s Secondary School | Our Irish Heritage

Thereafter they disappeared except at the seaward end of the Shannon Estuary. A 17th-century account in Latin by Philip O’Sullivan Beare of the Elizabethan wars in Ireland includes a description of two currachs built in haste to cross the River Shannon.

Unfortunately, the remarkable work did not gain widespread following in university circles and remained unknown to the maritime world.

Origins, design principles and material culture of the currach. With the advent of new technology and economic prosperity in Ireland, many researchers prophesized brktish disappearance of the currach over the last thirty years.

I can’t think about travelling or a new place without a map, not always… By ld Comments 0 Cottage … By ld Comments 0 “The time had come for him to set out on his journey westward. Social History Ancient Ireland. All were fitted for sailing, with a short mast without shrouds stepped in a socket in a short mast shoe. Part Four ; The flat boat amd ; The dug-outs; the reed boats; various inland and coastal cots; the Wexford cots.

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