Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.

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Hazrat Abu Bakr nominated Hazrat Umar and people obeyed his order in the form of unquestionable allegiance. Except Ibn-e-Khaldoon, all the jurists, thrologists and political philosophers who have followed him, down to our own days, have hardly made any improvement upon his thoughts.

Anonymous 7 December at Quranic Verses give us general principles i. Al-Mawardi says only male are allowed zl be imam of an Islamic state. Brockleman”al-Mawardi” in the Encyclopedia of Islam 2vol.

But the second has had a profound bearing on the course of Muslim history. Al-Mawardi was acclaimed as one of the ablest men of his age. He has also entrusted the control of His creatures to various governments so that order and peace in the world may be maintained.

He describes method of appointment, powers, qualities polirical method of deposition of imam.


Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi

Shafii jurist who politucal the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory, Al-ahkam al-sultaniyyah Ordinances of government.

He cannot interfere in the affairs like appointment of the governors and in military expeditions. Muhammad Hayyat ibn Ibrahim al-Sindhi. The Imam is appointed in one of two ways: A person of raw-opinion has no command.

He quotes a Hadith: Mwardi unfortunately it is under the cover of this pre-text that throughout the last 13 centuries, adventurers and self-seekers have striven to carve out political fortunes for themselves. Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al- d.

Theory of Rebellion Introduction: The Imam should personally look into and apprise himself of the affairs of his dominions so that he may himself direct the national policy and protect the interests of the people.

The Alids, too, have always stressed that they are the right repositories of Islam and it is only safeguarded by their Imams. There was no idea of absolute caliphate.

Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al- – Oxford Islamic Studies Online

Al-Mawardi enumerated four chief offices of Government are under: Al-Ashari opposes this view and says that two Imams at a time are possible if their territories are far-flang and widely separated by an ocean, which hinders easy communication between the two. If Ibn-e-Rawwah also fell in the field then the Muslims could choose any one from among themselves as their Commander.

A candidate for this office should have the following qualities: If the minister delegation resigns, the rest of the ministers shall be considered as removed. Imam is a natural need of a state to organize the society and to solve mutual differences.


Female is not in position to become imam. The Imam may be addressed as the Khalifa-tu-Allah, but the majority of jurists say that this title is forbidden, for no human being can represent God on Earth, since man is mortal and imperfect.

He must be free and adult.

His important functions are: Is it specific for a particular family or race? It has been persistently resorted to be every Muslim ruler after the days of the pious Caliphate, to perpetuate dynastic and despotic rule among the Muslim peoples. His theory of rebellion is not quite obvious. Therefore, his physically fitness and sensitivity are must.

Minister delegation according to Al-Mawardi is a person in whom the imam has the mawardl confidence; he is delegated maximum powers mawarei the imam.

Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-

In the preface of his al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyyah he writes. Integrity of physical senses 4. When the Abbasids came to power they la themselves the sole defenders of faith, and crushed every political dissentient in the name of religion, and sent many innocent souls to the gallows to save Islam.

The imposition and collection of Kharaj and Zakat taxes in accordance with the laws of the Shariah and the interpretation of the jurists without resorting to thouggt or pressure.

Garnet Publishing,xv.

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