Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe .. Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-, meaning excessive, and emesis, meaning vomiting, and the Latin gravidarum, the feminine. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Mar 1, , N. González-Alonso and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Dec 31, , J. Lombardía Prieto and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }.
|Published (Last):||10 May 2014|
|PDF File Size:||20.55 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.41 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
While most women will experience near-complete relief of morning sickness symptoms near the beginning of their second trimestersome sufferers of HG will experience severe symptoms until they give birth to their baby, and sometimes even after giving birth.
Pathology of pregnancychildbirth and the puerperium O— Thyrotoxicosis common in Asian subcontinent  Addison’s disease Diabetic ketoacidosis Hyperparathyroidism. Handbook of home nutrition support.
While vomiting in pregnancy has been described as early as 2, BC, the first clear medical description of hyperemesis gravidarum was in gfavidica Antoine Dubois. If HG is inadequately treated, anemia hyponatremia Wernicke’s encephalopathy kidney failurecentral pontine myelinolysiscoagulopathyatrophyMallory-Weiss tears hypoglycemiajaundicemalnutritionpneumomediastinumrhabdomyolysisdeconditioningdeep vein thrombosispulmonary embolismsplenic avulsion, or vasospasms of cerebral arteries are possible consequences.
BMJ Clinical research ed.
The exact causes of hyperemesis gravidarum are unknown. Department of Health and Human Services.
Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica by Pedro Guillermo Padilla Romero on Prezi
Retrieved 23 January Retrieved from ” https: Urinary tract infection Hepatitis Meningitis Gastroenteritis. Retrieved 5 December There are numerous theories regarding the cause of HG, but the cause remains controversial. Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Urinary tract infectionhigh thyroid levels . This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics.
If oral nutrition is insufficient, intravenous nutritional support may gfavidica needed. Excessive salivation, also known as sialorrhea gravidarumis another symptom experienced by some women.
A small percentage rarely vomit, but the nausea still causes most if not all of the same issues that hyperemesis with vomiting does. Health issues in pregnancy Vomiting Women’s health.
Treatment includes drinking fluids and a bland diet. Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge was hospitalised due to gravidcia gravidarum during gravidicca first pregnancy, and was treated for a similar condition during the subsequent two.
Drinking fluids, bland diet, intravenous fluids . She died in while four months pregnant, having been afflicted by intractable nausea and vomiting throughout her pregnancy, and was unable to tolerate food or even water.
Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder  are common secondary emess of HG and emotional support can be beneficial. Archived from the original on 10 December Office on Women’s Health. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. After IV rehydration is completed, patients typically begin to tolerate frequent small liquid or bland meals.
Therefore, hyperemesis gravidarum means “excessive vomiting of pregnant women”. It is thought that HG is due to a combination of factors which may vary between women and include genetics. Hyperemesis gravidarum is considered a diagnosis of exclusion. Concomitant conditions Diabetes mellitus Systemic lupus erythematosus Thyroid disorders Maternal death Sexual activity during graavidica.
Diagnoses to be ruled out include the following: Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Gestational diabetes Hepatitis E Hyperemesis gravidarum Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Patients might receive parenteral nutrition intravenous feeding via a PICC line or enteral nutrition via a nasogastric tube or a nasojejunal tube.
Nausea and vomiting such that weight loss and dehydration occur . Hyperemesis gravidarum tends to occur in the first trimester of pregnancy  and lasts significantly longer than morning sickness.
Likewise, supplementation for lost thiamine Vitamin B 1 must be considered to reduce the risk of Wernicke’s encephalopathy. The effects of HG on the fetus are mainly due to electrolyte imbalances caused by HG in the mother. Retrieved 8 September Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-meaning excessive, and emesismeaning vomitingand the Latin gravidarumthe feminine genitive plural form of an adjective, here used as a noun, meaning “pregnant [woman]”.
Hyperemesis gravidarum – Wikipedia
Archived from the original on 27 January Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America. Possible pathophysiological processes involved are summarized in the rmesis table: Steroid therapy in the treatment of intractable hyperemesis gravidarum”. Based on symptoms .
Ectopic pregnancy Abdominal pregnancy Cervical pregnancy Interstitial pregnancy Ovarian pregnancy Heterotopic pregnancy Molar pregnancy Miscarriage Stillbirth.
Pyridoxinemetoclopramide . American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. However, cycles of hydration and dehydration can occur, making continuing care necessary.