Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Rhizophoraceae. Genus: Bruguiera . Species: B. cylindrica. Common Names: Bakau Putih. Status: Native, Common. Bakau putih. Bruguiera cylindrica. Family Rhizophoraceae Southeast Asia to Australia. Locally, in various sites. Tree up to 20 m tall with buttresses and kneed . Bruguiera cylindrica is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 23 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller. The bole can be up to 20 – 30cm in .

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The wood is used in construction, piles, telegraph poles, railway sleepers, fish stakes, tool handles, scaffolding, etc. Bark produces a peculiar odour which frightens away fish. The roots spread out widely to provide stability in the waterlogged soil. The fruit germinates on the tree, producing a 15 cm long hypocotyl that is grooved and angled. Bruguiera cylindrica Scientific classification Kingdom: Flowers are greenish and grouped in threes.

This page was last edited on 13 Novemberat The apical leaf in the bud is covered with a 3 cm long stipule that drops off as the former develops.

Bruguiera cylindrica

Beside the generalist insects, each species of mangrove has its own associated leaf feeders and wood borers. The timber of Bruguiera cylindrica is dense, reddish and strong and is used in construction.

According to Burkill, the propagules are occasionally eaten after boiling, and according to Giersen eaten with sugar and coconut. It is commonly used as fuel and in charcoal production. According to Tomlinson, the flowers are pollinated by day flying insects such as butterflies.


In traditional medicine, the skin of the fruit is used to stop bleeding and the leaves are used to bruguisra blood pressure. The bruguira are pollinated by insects and release a cloud of pollen when probed at the base by the insect’s mouthparts. Tree up to 20 m tall with buttresses and kneed pneumatophores; bark grey, smooth; leaves opposite, blades light green, thin, elliptic; stipules pale yellow or greenish.

It is particularly common in the back mangroves. The aerial roots or pneumatophores project from the soil in knee-shaped loops and have many lenticels which allow air into the interconnecting roots while excluding water. Unlike some other mangroves, it does not regenerate easily from broken off branches.

Yong and Yuen- Po Yang. The petals turn brown rapidly. Grows on stiff clay behind Avicennia at the seaface; can grow on newly formed soils unsuitable to other mangroves, leaving better soils to the other species.

A Guide to the Mangroves of Singapore I. Email us at dbsthh nus. Probably the most common mangrove tree in Singapore.

The seed does not detach itself from the flower stalk but germinates where it is and is known as a propagule. Tassels on petal bguguiera. Want to share your sightings? According to the NParks Flora and Fauna website, the tree is the preferred local food plant for caterpillars of the moth Olene mendosa. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Bruguiera cylindrica

Bark greyish with small corky bumps lenticels. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Many terrestrial insects visit mangroves including herbivoresparasites and predators.

Webarchive template wayback links All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from November Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with ‘species’ microformats Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms. The crushed bark has an unusual odour which is repulsive to fish and this wood is not therefore used for fish traps. Related People Jean Yong.


There are a large number of marine invertebrates associated with mangolds including spongesascidiansmolluscsshrimps and crabs and also a number of fish and birds.

The flowers are in small bunches of in the axils cylinxrica the leaves. The roots lower part absorb water and become heavier and after a few weeks the propagules float vertically and are ready to root into the substrate. It has been described as characteristic of newly established substrates and able to withdstand prolonged submersion. Human Uses The wood is used in construction, piles, telegraph poles, railway sleepers, fish stakes, tool handles, scaffolding, cyilndrica.

Bruguiera malabarica Arnold Rhizophora caryophylloides Burm. Views Read Edit View history. This is probably the most commonly seen cylindrics in our mangroves. General Biology The plant grows in the inner mangroves, often forming pure stands. Retrieved from ” https: The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: Bakau putih on Singapore shores.

When probed at the base, the petal unzips to scatter a cylindrifa of pollen over the head of the visiting insect. Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map. Young radicles may be eaten as a vegetable or preserve after boiling.

In the Malay language it is known as bakau putih. Bruguiera Flora of the Maldives.

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